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How To Smoke A Brisket (Step by Step)

How to smoke a brisket in a smoker includes all the best research, experience and tips by guest chef Bob to get you to a tender, mouth watering smoked brisket.

We included a great shortcut and step by step instructions and photos that even a novice can follow. 

smoked brisket sliced on a cutting board served with salad

First, let me introduce our guest chef, Bob Goodman. Bob is not actually a chef, but he is an avid, passionate meat smoker. I trust him implicitly with gathering the best information out there. Why? Because Bob is a nuclear engineer who relishes research, science and detail – not just in theory, but in practice. He’s experimented with briskets for a long time and recently threw a smoked brisket party with his wife, Faygie, to share an amazing feast. 

Bob patiently helped me break down the steps and critical information, including the equipment needed, in laymen’s language. I am an avid griller, but I knew nothing about how to smoke a brisket in a smoker. Now I do.

There is no one way to smoke a brisket. All I know is that this way works. Rave reviews from 24 guests. 

Bottom line: The smoked cooking method does take some practice and trial and error to achieve the tastes you want. And smoking brisket is a long process. But if you’re patient, the end result will be a mouthwatering, smoky, delicious, juicy brisket. 

Step guide and tips on how to smoke a brisket

Buy the right brisket

Best brisket grade: Try to buy at least the Choice cut of brisket (AAA in Canada). Prime is even better. American Wagyu even better. The more marbled, the more exceptional and Wagyu beef has that in spades (although considerably more expensive). Find more details in this video by Aaron Franklin on buying and preparing a smoked brisket

Brisket cuts: Experts suggest buying a whole packer brisket which includes both the fattier point part (also called the Deckle) and the leaner flat part. I’m a fat loving gal so I much prefer the juicier softer textured point. It’s all personal preference. For the brisket party, we all chipped in to buy two Wagyu briskets, one 14 pounds/6.35 kg, the other 16 pounds/7.26 kg. 

cutting fat cap off large wagyu brisket

Trim and season the brisket (night before)

How to trim brisket: A full brisket comes with a heavy layer of fat. Trim the excess fat (with a sharp boning knife if you have one) leaving about 1/4 inch/0.63 cm. This will allow the smoke to penetrate and add a level of moisture and flavor. There’s a big chunk of fat between the point and the flat part of the brisket – the fat cap. You can cut that out. Trimming can take 20-30 minutes.

How to season brisket: Bob and many experts believe the flavor of the beef should speak for itself so seasoning should be kept simple and light. Salt and pepper are the key. Garlic powder and onion powder are optional. Bob uses some of both. It is not necessary to inject the meat with broth as they do in competitions. Season the entire brisket the evening before smoking and keep the brisket in the fridge overnight, uncovered. 

raw large brisket trimmed on cutting board

Tip: To help with more even cooking, bring the brisket to room temperature by setting it on the counter. 

Prepare the smoker and brisket for cooking (early next morning)

Equipment needed

Smoker

  • Follow the directions on your smoker to prepare for smoking. The smoker can take up to 45 minutes to heat to the desired temperature of 250F/121C.
  • Bob uses a heavy cast iron Broil King Smoke XL Offset Smoker. Pros call this an “Offset Stick Burner”. Bob prefers this type of smoker because of the heavy nature of the metal that holds the heat and maintains the temperature much steadier.
  • Electric pellet smokers are more convenient as they have temperature controls, but the temperatures don’t stay as steady. Maintaining a steady cooking temperature is very important. 
  • Tip: Here’s a good article on how to season a charcoal grill in 10 easy steps. 

Briquettes and Wood

  • You will need 1-2 bags of charcoal briquettes to create the heat source if using an offset stick burner smoker and wood to create the smoke flavor.
  • Tip: Use wood chips of oak, cherry, apple, maple or hickory wood for flavor. Don’t use mesquite because it’s to overpowering for this purpose. And do not soak the wood. 

Probes

  • You will need to set up your probes to monitor the temperature of the smoker and the brisket. Ideally, the probes will have cables that can come out of the smoker, allowing you to keep the lid closed as much as possible.
  • Typically the heat monitor that is attached to a smoker is not accurate. The best way to is use a temperature probe that can be clipped just above the grate to monitor the temperature of the smoker. 
  • If you don’t have a probe with cables to monitor the meat temperature, you can use an instant read thermometer.
smoker with smoke pouring out of smoke stack

Smoke the brisket (cooking step 1)

Smoking the brisket is the longest part of the process – about  5-7 hours depending on the size of your brisket. Bob suggests inviting people over to keep you company and indulge in a bourbon or two while you fuss with the smoker. 

Smoking Tips

  • Place the brisket fat side down on the grate in the smoker to create a barrier between the fire and the meat. (some say this doesn’t matter)
  • Try not to open and close the lid on the smoker too often because the smoker temperature will lower quickly. 
  • SHORTCUT: The brisket will be fully cooked at 195F-205F. To reduce the total cooking time (by up to several hours), Bob suggests using the Texas Crutch (“wrap”) method. This means taking the brisket off the smoker when partially cooked, wrapping it in foil and finishing it in the oven. Instead of the oven, you can continue cooking in the smoker. Just increase the smoker temp to 300F and place the wrapped brisket back in the smoker until it reaches 195F. Bob uses the Texas Crutch/oven method because, by then, he needs to rest and not fuss anymore!

Smoking process

  • add 2-3 chunks of wood every 30-45 minutes, depending on how smoky you want your brisket;
  • spray the brisket with apple juice (optional) to keep the surface moist and allow better smoke absorption;
  • monitor the smoker temperature probe to maintain the heat between 230F and 250F (110-121C), adding charcoal briquettes as needed and opening and closing the dampers as needed. 
  • monitor the meat temperature with a probe (or instant read thermometer). 

Transfer the brisket to oven (cooking step 2)

Using the suggested Texas Crutch method to shorten the cooking time, remove the brisket when its temperature “stalls”. This is when the internal temperature of the meat stays steady for a long time and no longer rises, typically somewhere between 150F and 160F (65.6-71C) depending on the meat.

Wrap brisket tightly in foil or good quality pink butcher paper, then transfer it to a roasting pan to a 300F/149C oven to cook for about 3 hours, letting the fat fully render.

Rest the brisket

Very important! Let the brisket rest for an hour (or if large, for 90 minutes), wrapped in foil, ideally in a cooler to maintain its temperature and allow the juices to return to the center of the meat. The cooler will keep the smoked beef brisket hot for 5-6 hours if needed.

Tip: If you don’t have a cooler, let it sit on the counter, well covered in foil for 60-90 minutes.

finished brisket on cutting board before cutting

Slice and dig in

Time for the big reveal! Place the brisket on a cutting board and slice it across (perpendicular to) the grain into 1/4-1/2 inch thick slices.

You can slice off the fattier point section first and cut that separately if you prefer. You will notice a beautiful pink smoke ring around the edges. Now you know how to smoke a brisket in a smoker. Time to dig in and enjoy the best smoked brisket ever!

sliced point section of brisket showing smoke ring
sliced brisket – point section (fattier)
sliced smoked brisket and cut open larger piece on cutting board
sliced brisket – flat section (leaner)
sliced smoked brisket on cutting board beside bowl of salad p

Brisket FAQ

What is a brisket?

Brisket is beef cut from the breast of a cow. It is a tough cut of meat that requires long braising, sous vide cooking or smoking to become tender. While it still one of the cheaper cuts of beef, it shrinks considerably and costs more when sold fully trimmed at the grocery store. A full packer brisket is made up of two portions – the brisket flat (leaner portion) and the brisket point (fattier portion).

What tools do you need to smoke a brisket?

A smoker (offset stick burner or electric pellet grill), charcoal briquettes, wood, temperature probes (ideally with cables, but an instant read thermometer will do as well), a good trimming knife (to trim fat) and a carving knife. A chimney starter is optional but a much quicker (and cleaner) way to light the briquettes.

What is the best cut of brisket to buy?

Prime cut is best (or waygu, but extremely expensive). Choice cut will also work well, but not as tender and juicy as it is less marbled. Buy a ‘whole packer brisket’ which includes the fatter point cut and leaner flat cut.

How long does it take to smoke a brisket?

The entire process from start to finish takes about 20-24 hours including trimming, seasoning, smoking, oven cooking and resting. The general rule of thumb is about 60-90 minutes per pound. It’s best to go by the internal temperature of the brisket as read by the probe or thermometer.

What can I do with leftover brisket?

Brisket tacos, shredded brisket with BBQ sauce, brisket sandwiches, brisket shepherd’s buy (shred the meat), brisket quesadilla, brisket in onion gravy, Philly cheese steak, vegetable beef barley soup.

What to serve with smoked brisket

The brisket party was potluck. Here are some great sides that were served at the party: Herb Potato SaladGrilled Carrots with Balsamic Glaze, Party Salad with Grilled Vegetables and Quinoa, several other salads, coleslaw, pickles, homemade rolls and some good Henry McKenna bourbon.

Make ahead

  • The brisket can be made up to 5-6 hours ahead and kept warm, covered in foil (in an a 170F/77C oven) or in a cooler .
  • Alternatively, the brisket can be made a few days ahead, sliced and served cold in sandwiches. Or, warmed in a 325F/163C oven with BBQ sauce or original juices from the meat for 20 minutes (if not sliced, it can take an hour or so). The internal temperature should be about 140F/60C. 

Love smoky food but don’t have a smoker?

If you don’t have a smoker, try these recipes that get a wood smoked flavor from cedar planks. Admittedly, not the same as using a smoker, but still delicious in a fraction of the time and effort. 

smoked brisket on platter
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How To Smoke A Brisket

How to smoke a brisket in a smoker includes all the best research, experience and tips by guest chef Bob to get you to a tender, mouth watering smoked brisket. We included a great shortcut and step by step instructions that even a novice can follow. 
Prep Time20 mins
Cook Time9 hrs
Marinating, heating and resting times13 hrs 40 mins
Total Time23 hrs
Course: Main Course
Cuisine: American
Servings: 18
Author: Cheryl

Equipment

  • Smoker (an Offset Stick Burner type smoker was used for this recipe. A pellet smoker can also be used)
  • Probes (that are accurate and allow continuous monitoring of smoker and meat temperatures are ideal. (Bob uses Thermoworks Signals). Ideally, use probes with cables to reduce the need to open and close the lid too often. Alternative: An instant read thermometer can be used to monitor meat temperature instead. )
  • Wood (oak, cherry, apple, maple or hickory)
  • Charcoal briquettes (if using an offset stick burner smoker). You will need a bag or two)
  • Chimney Starter – optional. Bob uses the Weber Rapid Fire Chimney Starter sold on Amazon.

Ingredients

  • 15 pounds (6.8 kg) whole brisket, Note 1 (includes both point and flat portions)
  • kosher salt and freshly ground pepper
  • optional: garlic powder, onion powder
  • optional: apple juice in a spray bottle

Instructions

  • TRIM THE FAT (the night before serving): Trim fat off brisket using a boning knife if you have one, leaving about 1/4 inch/0.64 cm of fat on top side. Cut out most of the fat cap in the crease where the two sections of muscle (the point and the flat) are attached.
  • SEASON BRISKET (the night before serving): Season all sides of brisket evenly with salt and black pepper (and onion and/or garlic powder if using). No need to season too heavily. Place in pan. Refrigerate overnight.
  • BRING BRISKET TO ROOM TEMPERATURE (early morning on day of serving): Sit brisket on counter for 45-60 minutes.
  • PREPARE SMOKER (early morning on day of serving): Heat smoker to 250F using charcoal briquettes. Add chunks of dry wood to build smoke flavor. Set up probes (see Equipment above) to monitor temperature of smoker and brisket: Clip grating probe to sit just above smoker grate; and insert meat probe into thickest part of brisket. Place pan of water under smoker grating to keep meat from drying out.
  • SMOKE BRISKET (for 5-8 hours) until temperature of meat reaches 150F/65C (or up to 160F/71C) as per reading on probe or instant meat thermometer. During this time, you will need to:
    >add 2-3 chunks of wood about every 30-45 minutes (when you no longer see smoke coming out of smoker chimney), depending on how smoky you want your brisket;
    >spray brisket with apple juice (optional) to keep surface moist and allow better smoke absorption;
    >monitor smoker temperature probe to maintain heat between 230F and 250F (110-121C), adding charcoal briquettes as needed and opening and closing dampers as needed. The important thing is not to open the lid to often as this will lower the temperature of the smoker.
    >monitor meat temperature with a probe. When temperature of meat "stalls" (no longer rises for a while), typically between 150F and 160F (65-71C), it is time to transfer brisket to oven.
  • TRANSFER BRISKET TO OVEN: Preheat oven to 300F/149C. Remove brisket from smoker when it "stalls" i.e. no longer rises after some time (usually 150F-160F/(65-71C)), cover tightly in foil or good quality butcher paper, place in large pan and put in oven. Finishing cooking brisket in oven until internal temperature of meat reaches 195-200F (93C). This could take 2-3 hours. At this point the fat will be fully rendered and the connective tissue broken down. A knife should be able to slide into the meat easily without resistance.
  • REST AND SLICE BRISKET: Remove from oven and place, covered in a cooler or on counter to rest for 60-90 minutes. Unwrap and place brisket on cutting board. Slice into 1/4-1/2 inch/0.63-1.27 cm) thick slices against the grain. Serve with juices from meat. Or use juices to make a sauce.

Notes

  1. What type of brisket to buy: Try to buy at least the Choice cut of brisket (AAA in Canada). Prime is even better. American Wagyu even better. The more marbled, the more exceptional (although Wagyu is considerably more expensive). Find more details in this video by Aaron Franklin on buying and preparing a smoked brisket
  2. Make Ahead:
    • The brisket can be made up to 5-6 hours ahead and kept warm, covered in foil (in an a 170F/77C oven) or in a cooler.
    • Alternatively, the brisket can be made a few days ahead, sliced and served cold in sandwiches.
    • Or, warmed in a 325F/163C oven with BBQ sauce or original juices from the meat for 20 minutes (if not sliced, it can take an hour or so). The internal temperature should be about 140F/60C. 
 
Nutrition values are estimates based on generous portions of just under 1 pound/0.45 kg uncooked brisket per person. 

Nutrition

Calories: 586kcal | Protein: 78g | Fat: 28g | Saturated Fat: 10g | Polyunsaturated Fat: 1g | Monounsaturated Fat: 13g | Cholesterol: 234mg | Sodium: 686mg | Potassium: 1247mg | Calcium: 19mg | Iron: 7mg
Tried this recipe?We’d love you to rate it above under ‘rate this recipe’ or in the comment section below. Thanks!

Although several brand names have been used in this post to give readers a clear idea of what equipment is needed, neither Bob nor I have any affiliation with these companies. 

This smoked brisket recipe, originally published in 2019, has been updated with additional information and edited pictures.

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4 Comments

  1. I followed these steps at a snails pace and 21hrs later after smoke, wrap/oven, ice chest and rest it was easily voted best brisket by friends and family.
    I did cheat a little by injecting and using coke in the pan.
    Thank you guys for putting the joys you guys get from cooking into this article.
    -Marshall